Lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency with a missense mutation in exon 6 of the LCAT gene

Maeda, E.; Naka, Y.; Matozaki, T.; Sakuma, M.; Akanuma, Y.; Yoshino, G.; Kasuga, M.

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 178(2): 460-466


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-291X
PMID: 1859405
DOI: 10.1016/0006-291x(91)90129-u
Accession: 040560827

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The plasma enzyme, human lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is responsible for the majority of cholesterol ester formation in human plasma and is a key enzyme of the reverse transport of cholesterol from peripheral tissue to the liver. We sequenced genomic DNA of the LCAT gene from a Japanese male patient who was clinically and biochemically diagnosed as a familial LCAT deficiency. Analysis of all exons and exon-intron boundaries revealed only a single G to A transition within the sixth exon of both allele of the gene, leading to the substitution of methionine for isoleucinle at residue 293 of the mature enzyme. This mutation creates a new hexanucleotide recognition site for the restriction endonuclease Ndel. Familial study of Ndel digestion of the genomic DNA and determination of plasma LCAT activity established that the patient and his sister whose plasma LCAT activity were extremely reduced were homozygous and his children whose plasma LCAT activity were about half of normal controls were heterozygous for this mutation.