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Leukocyte cytotoxicity in a persistent virus infection: presence of direct cytotoxicity but absence of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity in horses infected with equine infectious anemia virus



Leukocyte cytotoxicity in a persistent virus infection: presence of direct cytotoxicity but absence of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity in horses infected with equine infectious anemia virus



Infection and Immunity 24(3): 628-636



Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and direct cytotoxicity assays were performed with equine infectious anemia virus-infected target cells, equine leukocytes, and equine anti-equine infectious anemia virus antibody to determine whether these mechanisms play a role in controlling viral replication in equine infectious anemia. Direct cytotoxicity was observed by using peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 7 of 10 infected horses. Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity was not observed. The antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity reaction in horses was then studied by using sheep erythrocytes and trinitrophenylated sheep erythrocytes as target cells. Lysis of these target cells was mediated by neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes. The reaction was activated by antibody of the immunoglobulin G class but not by immunoglobulin G(T). Furthermore, immunoglobulin G(T) efficiently inhibited immunoglobulin G in this function.

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Accession: 040569772

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PMID: 223981


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