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Long-term effects of treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure on daytime lung function and pulmonary hemodynamics in patients with obstructive sleep apnea



Long-term effects of treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure on daytime lung function and pulmonary hemodynamics in patients with obstructive sleep apnea



American Review of Respiratory Disease 141(4 Pt 1): 866-870



Fifty-four patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome received long-term treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). The effects on daytime lung function and pulmonary hemodynamics were prospectively evaluated by repeating pulmonary function tests, including right heart catheterization after a follow-up period of at least 1 yr (554 +/- 28 days, mean +/- SEM). PaO2 increased in the patient group as a whole from 69.9 +/- 1.4 to 72.8 +/- 1.4 mm Hg (p less than 0.02). The increase in PaO2 was greater (from 60.4 +/- 1.0 to 66.4 +/- 2.1, p less than 0.01) in those patients who were hypoxemic prior to treatment. PaCO2 decreased significantly only in the subgroup of patients with significant hypercapnia prior to treatment (n = 7), from 48.5 +/- 1.3 to 44.5 +/- 1.5 mm Hg (p less than 0.01). The improvement in daytime blood gases seemed to be related to an increase in the alveolar ventilation, from 5.2 +/- 0.2 to 5.9 +/- 0.3 L/min without a change in the alveolar-arterial PO2 difference, as calculated in 25 patients. Both the red blood cell count and the hematocrit decreased significantly, from 5,347 +/- 90 to 5,024 +/- 61 10(3)/mm3 and from 49.4 +/- 0.9 to 47.1 +/- 0.6%, p less than 0.001 and p less than 0.02, respectively. No change was observed in the resting pulmonary arterial pressure. We conclude that nasal CPAP is effective in improving daytime blood gases in patients with OSA.

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Accession: 040597248

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2183656

DOI: 10.1164/ajrccm/141.4_pt_1.866


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