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Magnetization prepared rapid gradient-echo (MP-RAGE) MR imaging of the liver: comparison with spin-echo imaging



Magnetization prepared rapid gradient-echo (MP-RAGE) MR imaging of the liver: comparison with spin-echo imaging



Magnetic Resonance Imaging 9(4): 469-476



We have implemented an MR technique that employs a rapid gradient echo sequence, preceded by magnetization preparation pulses to provide T1- and T2-weighted tissue contrast. With this technique, which can be identified as a member of a new family of pulse sequences, generically named Magnetization Prepared RApid Gradient Echo (MP-RAGE), very short repetition times are used, allowing acquisition times of less than one second and images virtually free of motion-induced artifacts during quiet respiration. Fifteen patients with known liver lesions (metastases, hemangiomas, and cysts) were examined using T1- and T2-weighted 2-dimensional MP-RAGE sequences, and the images were compared with conventional T1- and multi-echo T2-weighted spin-echo (SE) sequences. Signal difference-to-noise ratios (SD/Ns) of the lesions were calculated for all pulse sequences using corresponding axial images and were normalized for voxel volume. The mean normalized SD/Ns of the MP-RAGE sequences were generally comparable to those for the SE sequences. In addition, there were no noticeable respiratory artifacts on the MP-RAGE images whereas these were clearly present on the T2-weighted SE images and to a lesser degree on the T1-weighted SE images. It is concluded that the MP-RAGE technique could become an important method for evaluating the liver for focal disease.

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Accession: 040623541

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PMID: 1779716

DOI: 10.1016/0730-725x(91)90031-g


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