Measurement of the transit time for cells through the epidermis and stratum corneum of the mouse and guinea-pig

Potten, C.S.; Saffhill, R.; Maibach, H.I.

Cell and Tissue Kinetics 20(5): 461-472

1987


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-8730
PMID: 3450396
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2184.1987.tb01355.x
Accession: 040653749

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Abstract
A new approach to determine the transit time through the epidermis is presented, involving a gentle washing of the skin surface to collect the loosely attached surface corneocytes. This, it is believed, will be less likely to stimulate the system than tape-stripping or scraping. Radioactively labelled thymidine and iododeoxyuridine have been used to label cells in the basal layer and various labelled amino acids (glycine, cystine and methionine) have been used to label the metabolically viable cell layers (up to and including the granular layer). The resulting changes in surface radioactivity levels have been interpreted to provide a basal to surface transit time of 8-9.5 days for hairless and haired mouse epidermis and about 13.5 days for guinea-pigs. The basal to granular layer transit time, which probably includes some basal layer residence time, is about 4.5 days in the mouse and 8 days in the guinea-pig. The granular to surface time in mice is about 5 days. The results also suggest that when nuclear and cytoplasmic organelles are degraded in the granular layer, material is released that can diffuse rapidly through the stratum corneum to the surface. Some of this can be shown by chromatography to be thymidine. Hence, the stratum corneum is previous to molecules such as nucleosides. This rapid diffusion outwards through the skin can also be detected shortly after injecting [125I]-iododeoxyuridine.

Measurement of the transit time for cells through the epidermis and stratum corneum of the mouse and guinea-pig