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Mechanism of ATP hydrolysis by sarcoplasmic reticulum and the role of phospholipids



Mechanism of ATP hydrolysis by sarcoplasmic reticulum and the role of phospholipids



Journal of Biological Chemistry 251(17): 5414-5423



Exchange of sarcoplasmic reticulum phospholipids with dipalmitoyllecithin inhibits the (Mg2+ + Ca2+)-activated ATPase activity below 40 degrees by inhibition of the decomposition of phosphoprotein intermediate. The rate of phosphoprotein formation and the steady state concentration of phosphoprotein measured by rapid kinetic techniques are affected to a lesser extent. The inhibitory effect of dipalmitoyllecithin on ATPase activity is probably related to the viscosity of the hydrocarbon region of the membrane which inhibits the conformational change leading to calcium translocation and the eventual cleavage of phosphoprotein.

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Accession: 040656993

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PMID: 134038


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