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Mitral balloon valvotomy using the Inoue balloon technique for selected patients with severe pliable rheumatic mitral valve stenosis: immediate and short-term results

Mitral balloon valvotomy using the Inoue balloon technique for selected patients with severe pliable rheumatic mitral valve stenosis: immediate and short-term results

Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia 10(5): 421-424

We selected 40 patients with severe symptomatic rheumatic mitral stenosis for balloon valvotomy using the Inoue balloon technique. The patients' mean age was 31 +/- 14 years and there were 24 females and 16 males. The patients were selected according to the following echo/Doppler criteria; 1. Severe mitral stenosis, i. e. mitral valve area (MVA) less than 1.1 cm2; 2. pliable anterior mitral valve leaflet; 3. absence of calcification of the mitral commissures and 4. absence of significant subvalvular mitral valve disease (Block echo score less than 8). We failed to cross the mitral valve in three cases and repeat attempts in two patients with higher transeptal puncture was successful. Thirty-nine procedures were technically successful (98%). There were no complications. We used an Inoue balloon size 24-30 mm using echo/Doppler guided stepwise mitral dilatation. After mitral balloon valvotomy, the MVA increased from 0.8 +/- 0.2 to 1.7 +/- 0.5 cm2 (p less than 0.001). Five patients developed mild mitral regurgitation and in one patient the degree of mitral regurgitation increased from mild to moderate. The mean mitral valve area 48 hours after the procedure measured 1.9 +/- 0.4 cm2 (echo/Doppler); one patient (2.5%) had residual mitral stenosis (MVA less than 1.5 cm2). At six weeks follow-up study the mean mitral valve area was 1.9 +/- 0.5 cm2 (Echo/Doppler), with no restenosis. We conclude that in selected cases of severe pliable mitral stenosis, the Inoue balloon technique achieves a greater than 100% increase of the MVA, without inducing significant iatrogenic mitral regurgitation or residual stenosis.

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Accession: 040709455

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PMID: 1910878

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