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Modulation of porcine thecal cell aromatase activity by human chorionic gonadotropin, progesterone, estradiol-17 beta, and dihydrotestosterone



Modulation of porcine thecal cell aromatase activity by human chorionic gonadotropin, progesterone, estradiol-17 beta, and dihydrotestosterone



Biology of Reproduction 35(4): 785-791



Porcine thecal cells synthesize estradiol, which may function as an intraovarian regulator of follicular growth. Production of estradiol by granulosa-cell aromatase is modulated by gonadotropins and local steroidal and nonsteroidal factors. Therefore, the effect of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and physiological concentrations of steroids on aromatase activity of the thecal cells was determined. Theca was excised from large porcine follicles (greater than 10 mm diameter) and plated as monolayer cultures in 1 ml of serum-free medium. Twenty-four hours after culture, cells were treated as follows: 1) control; 2) hCG (5 IU); 3) progesterone (P, 3 micrograms), estradiol-17 beta (E, 4 micrograms), or dihydrotestosterone (DHT, 1 microgram); 4) hCG + P, E, or DHT. After 27, 30, 36, 48, and 72 h of culture, media were assessed for levels of P and E. Aromatase activity was determined by a radiometric assay. Levels of P in control media increased from 27 to 72 h. hCH significantly (p less than 0.01) increased P levels from 27 to 72 h of culture. Estrogen decreased (p less than 0.05) P levels at 36, 48, and 72 h compared to controls and also prevented the hCG-induced increase in P levels at these times. DHT significantly increased (p less than 0.05) P levels at 48 and 72 h. DHT + hCG reduced the hCG-associated increase in P concentration at 36 h and 72 h, but enhanced the hCG-induced increase in P levels at 48 h.

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Accession: 040719735

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PMID: 3814694

DOI: 10.1095/biolreprod35.4.785


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