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Motilides, macrolides with gastrointestinal motor stimulating activity. I. O-substituted and tertiary N-substituted derivatives of 8,9-anhydroerythromycin A 6,9-hemiacetal



Motilides, macrolides with gastrointestinal motor stimulating activity. I. O-substituted and tertiary N-substituted derivatives of 8,9-anhydroerythromycin A 6,9-hemiacetal



Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 37(10): 2687-2700



Chemical modifications of 8,9-anhydroerythromycin A 6,9-hemiacetal (1), which showed gastrointestinal motor stimulating (GMS) activity 10 times more potent than that of erythromycin A (EM-A), were undertaken to search for derivatives having stronger GMS activity and no antimicrobial activity; details are described in this and a subsequent paper. Displacement of a methyl group of the dimethylamino group of 1 with an ethyl group and an isopropyl group provided de(N-methyl-N-ethyl-8,9-anhydroerythromycin A 6,9-hemiacetal (55) and de(N-methyl)-N-isopropyl-8,9-anhydroerythromycin A 6,9-hemiacetal (58), respectively. They showed significant GMS activity and no antibacterial activity. In particular, the GMS activity of 58 was increased to 248 times that of EM-A. EM-A and the derivatives obtained in this study mimic exogenous motilin in the dog. The name "motilide", meaning a motilin-like macrolide, is proposed for this new family of macrolide compounds.

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Accession: 040743329

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PMID: 2611928

DOI: 10.1248/cpb.37.2687


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