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Mutagenicity of beta-oxidized N,N,-di-n-propylnitrosamine derivatives in S. typhimurium mediated by rat and hamster tissues



Mutagenicity of beta-oxidized N,N,-di-n-propylnitrosamine derivatives in S. typhimurium mediated by rat and hamster tissues



Zeitschrift für Krebsforschung und Klinische Onkologie. Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 86(3): 293-302



The relative abilities of liver, kidney and lung fractions from untreated or phenobarbitone-pretreated rats and hamsters to convert N,N-di-n-propylnitrosamine and several beta-oxidized synthetic putative intermediates into mutagens was quantitatively compared in a tissue-mediated mutagenicity assay with S. typhimurium TA 1530 in vitro. With one exception, namely, N,N-di(2-acetoxy-n-propyl)nitrosamine, liver was the most active tissue from hamsters; in rats also, only liver fractions were able to activate some nitroso-compounds to mutagens. The highest enzyme-mediated mutagenicities were observed with N-2-hydroxy-n-propyl-N-n-propylnitrosamine, N,N-di-n-propylnitrosamine and N,N-di(2-acetoxy-n-propyl)nitrosamine. Hamster lung tissue converted N,N-di-n-propylnitrosamine, N-2-hydroxy-n-propyl-N-n-propylnitrosamine and N,N-di(2-acetoxy-n-propyl)nitrosamine into mutagens; activity with the latter compound was greater with lung tissue than with liver tissue when untreated animals were used. N-methyl-N-n-propylnitrosamine was mutagenic in the presence of hamster liver fraction but less so than N,N-di-n-propylnitrosamine. The results of the mutagenicity assays using various tissues are qualitatively compared to sites of tumour formation in rats and hamsters by these N-nitrosamines.

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Accession: 040758456

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PMID: 136104


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