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Na+/H+ exchange activation mediates the lipopolysaccharide-induced proliferation of human B lymphocytes and is impaired in malignant B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia lymphocytes



Na+/H+ exchange activation mediates the lipopolysaccharide-induced proliferation of human B lymphocytes and is impaired in malignant B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia lymphocytes



Journal of Immunology 142(3): 913-918



In various mammalian cell types the stimulation of the plasma membrane amiloride-sensitive Na+/H+ exchange and the resulting increase of intracellular pH (pHi) play a key role in the initiation of cell proliferation. In the present work we have investigated whether Na+/H+ exchange is involved in normal human B cell proliferation and whether it is also operating in malignant B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) lymphocytes. Our results show that: 1) normal human B cells contain an operating Na+/H+ exchanger, as inferred by their ability to recover pHi after acid-loading in a HCO3- -free medium and by evidences that LPS and phorbol ester PMA elicit a pHi rise inhibitable by either 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl)amiloride (EIPA) or a Na+-free medium; 2) LPS-induced proliferation of normal human B cells is strongly inhibited when the amiloride analog EIPA (5 microM) is present in the culture medium (after 72 h the proportion of B cells incorporation bromodeoxyuridine falls from 13.9 +/- 3.9% to 2.8 +/- 1.1%); 3) EIPA does not affect BdR incorporation when B cells proliferation is induced by the co-mitogenic activity of IL-4 and low m.w. B cell growth factor (BCGF); 4) B-CLL cells, which proliferate in response to IL-4/BCGF but not to LPS, fail to increase pHi above their pHi resting levels when challenged with LPS or PMA and pHi recovery after acid-loading is highly impaired. These results lead to conclude that Na+/H+ exchange operation is necessary for LPS-(but not for IL-4/BCGF)-induced proliferation of human normal B lymphocytes and that Na+/H+ exchange activation is impaired in malignant B-CLL lymphocytes.

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Accession: 040770913

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PMID: 2536415


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