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Neodymium-YAG laser intranasal photocoagulation in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia: an update report

Neodymium-YAG laser intranasal photocoagulation in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia: an update report

Laryngoscope 97(12): 1397-1401

Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is a challenging problem for the otolaryngologist since frequent, often severe epistaxis is the major symptom. Options for therapy in the past have included nasal packing, electrocautery, systemic estrogens, septal dermatoplasty, arterial embolization, and arterial ligation. Although successful treatment has been achieved with some of these methods, particularly septal dermatoplasty, other forms of therapy are needed prompting the use of laser photocoagulation. The neodymium yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd-YAG) laser was used to treat a group of 19 patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia over a 4-year period without complications. Endonasal laser photocoagulation was effective in decreasing epistaxis in patients not requiring frequent transfusions prior to laser therapy. Three patients with the most severe epistaxis received minimal or no benefit from Nd-YAG laser photocoagulation. In most patients Nd-YAG photocoagulation is successful in treating epistaxis associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and should be a therapeutic option for this chronic disease having no available cure.

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Accession: 040780081

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PMID: 3683050

DOI: 10.1288/00005537-198712000-00004

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