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Neonatal E. coli pericarditis

Neonatal E. coli pericarditis

Journal of Perinatal Medicine 7(1): 23-26

A review of the literature reveals only one case of neonatal Escherichia coli pericarditis. This is a case report of Escherichia coli pericarditis occurring in a two day old infant. The infant initially presented with lethargy and jaundice but this rapidly progressed into shock. Despite vigorous resuscitative efforts, the infant succumbed and at autopsy 30 cc of purulent fluid were obtained. Cultures of the admission blood and post-mortem pericardial effusion grew Escherichia coli. The clinical diagnosis of pericarditis is often difficult because of vague, nonspecific symptoms and signs. The symptoms are usually those of sepsis plus those of impaired circulation due to mechanical embarrassment by accumulating pericardial effusion. It is difficult to differentiate pericarditis with effusion from myocarditis and pericardial effusion secondary to congestive heart failure. The use of pericardiocentesis as a diagnostic tool and echocardiography are the most helpful techniques presently available for diagnosis. Management consists of vigorous supportive efforts, antibiotics, and drainage of the pericardial effusion. Because of the very high mortality associated with this disorder, a high index of suspicion with a vigorous diagnostic and therapeutic approach to the patient is indicated.

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Accession: 040780255

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 370357

DOI: 10.1515/jpme.1979.7.1.23

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