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Neonatal administrations of a vasopressin analog (DDAVP) and hypertonic saline enhance learning behavior in rats

Neonatal administrations of a vasopressin analog (DDAVP) and hypertonic saline enhance learning behavior in rats

Peptides 9(4): 717-721

Groups of newborn Wistar rats received daily 1-desamino-8-D-arginine-vasopressin (DDAVP), oxytocin (OXT), hypertonic saline or normal saline for 14 days from day 1 to day 14 of life. One or three months later they were trained in a maze for brightness discrimination (BD). A group of untreated adult male rats received posttrial DDAVP or normal saline for brightness discrimination. Subsequently all the retentions of BD were tested after one month. We found that the neonatal treatments with both DDAVP and hypertonic saline facilitated acquisition and subsequent maintenance of brightness discrimination in immature and mature rats, and also that posttreatment with DDAVP enhanced retention of BD in adult rats. Oxytocin and normal saline had no effect on these parameters. The results are interpreted as showing that endogenous AVP and its synthetic analog enhance the development and adult function of central neural substrates involved in learning behaviors.

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Accession: 040780323

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PMID: 3226949

DOI: 10.1016/0196-9781(88)90111-8

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