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Neonatal diethylstilbestrol treatment alters aflatoxin B1-DNA adduct concentrations in adult rats

Neonatal diethylstilbestrol treatment alters aflatoxin B1-DNA adduct concentrations in adult rats

Journal of Biochemical Toxicology 5(1): 41-46

Aflatoxin B1-DNA adduct concentrations were measured in the livers of adult Sprague-Dawley CD rats treated on days 2, 4, and 6 postnatally with 1.45 mumols of diethylstilbestrol and in adulthood with phenobarbital, 3-methylcholanthrene, or vehicle prior to treatment with aflatoxin B1. Aflatoxin B1 (1 mg/kg) was injected 5 hr prior to killing the rats. Female rats exposed neonatally to diethylstilbestrol had significantly higher aflatoxin B1-DNA adduct concentrations (three- to sixfold) than adult female rats treated neonatally with propylene glycol. Liver aflatoxin B1-DNA adduct concentrations were slightly higher in control males as compared to adduct concentrations in neonatally diethylstilbestrol-treated males, as compared to adduct concentrations in control females (not significant [NS]). Phenobarbital and 3-methylcholanthrene treatment followed by aflatoxin B1 injection resulted in decreased aflatoxin B1-DNA adduct concentrations in all rats. Our results demonstrate that neonatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol alters the capacity of adult female rats to form and/or dispose of carcinogen-DNA adducts following a single dose of aflatoxin B1 (increased adduct concentration). This alteration may be a consequence of altered imprinting mechanisms with diethylstilbestrol causing developmental modifications early in life. The animals were, however, able to respond to cytochrome P-450 and P-448 inducers as evidenced by decreased aflatoxin B1-DNA adduct concentrations.

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Accession: 040780736

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PMID: 2119435

DOI: 10.1002/jbt.2570050107

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