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On the mechanism of induction of microsomal cytochrome P450IVA1 and peroxisome proliferation in rat liver by clofibrate

On the mechanism of induction of microsomal cytochrome P450IVA1 and peroxisome proliferation in rat liver by clofibrate

Biochemical Pharmacology 40(12): 2727-2732

The time course of induction of microsomal and peroxisomal lipid-metabolizing enzymes in male Wistar rat liver has been investigated following a single i.p. dose of clofibrate (250 mg/kg). The microsomal enzyme, cytochrome P450IVA1, demonstrated a biphasic response to sodium clofibrate administration, the biphasic response consisting of an initial small response, peaking at approximately 30 min post-dose and returning to near baseline values after 2 hr. A second major induction of cytochrome P450IVA1 occurred between 18 and 24 hr post-dose. This biphasic phenomenon for cytochrome P450IVA1 was observed for the enzyme activity (lauric acid hydroxylase), immunodetectable protein (using a specific ELISA method) and at the mRNA level (using a 2.1 kilobase cytochrome P450IVA1 cDNA probe). In contrast, peroxisomal fatty acid beta-oxidation enzymes responded in a monophasic manner to clofibrate administration, peaking approximately 24 hr post-dose. Accordingly, microsomal cytochrome P450IVA1 was induced before the peroxisomal enzymes of fatty acid beta-oxidation. The effect of cycloheximide on the induction of peroxisome proliferation by clofibrate was additionally investigated. The prior administration of cycloheximide to Wistar rats ablated the clofibrate-dependent induction of both cytochrome P450IVA1 and peroxisomal-dependent lipid metabolism and also blocked the corresponding synthesis of enzyme proteins. Cycloheximide additionally inhibited the clofibrate-dependent increase in peroxisomal acyl-CoA oxidase mRNA, but was without effect on the induced cytochrome P450IVA1 mRNA levels, indicating a protein or enzyme dependency for the phenomenon of peroxisome proliferation. Taken collectively, our data strongly argues that the regulation of microsomal cytochrome P450IVA1 and peroxisomal fatty acid beta-oxidation enzymes are closely related, possibly through the initial, clofibrate-dependent regulation of cytochrome P450IVA1.

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Accession: 040860475

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2260995

DOI: 10.1016/0006-2952(90)90594-b

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