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On the structure-function relationship of acyl carrier protein of Escherichia coli


On the structure-function relationship of acyl carrier protein of Escherichia coli



Journal of Biological Chemistry 250(6): 2299-2304



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

PMID: 234965

The conformations of Escherichia coli acyl carrier protein (ACP) and acetylated ACP have been studied as a function of pH and salt concentration by circular dichroism measurements. The results show that the amino groups of ACP in their protonated form are important for maintaining the native conformation of the protein at physiological pH. However, externally added cations (divalent more effectively than monovalent ones) can substitute for the ammonium groups in maintaining the ordered structure pf ACP. It is suggested that both the ammonium groups of ACP and externally added cations reduce the repulsion between carboxylate groups of ACP and thereby prevent the unfolding of the protein. A reduction of the number of negatively charged carboxylate groups by either protonation or chemical modification abolished the requirement for either ammonium groups or other cations. A qualitative agreement between the effect of salt on the conformation and on the biological activity of acetylated ACP has been observed. The single arginine residue of acetylated ACP has been modified by treatment with a trimer of 2,3-butanedione with the resulting derivative of ACP retaining most of its biological activity.

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Accession: 040862752

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