Oxytetracycline pharmacokinetics, tissue depletion, and toxicity after administration of a long-acting preparation at double the label dosage
TerHune, T.N.; Upson, D.W.
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 194(7): 911-917
Oxytetracycline (OTC) concentration in plasma and tissues, plasma pharmacokinetics, depletion from tissue, and toxicity were studied in 30 healthy calves after IM administration of a long-acting OTC preparation (40 mg/kg of body weight) at double the label dosage (20 mg/kg). Plasma OTC concentration increased rapidly after drug administration, and by 2 hours, mean (+/- SD) values were 7.4 +/- 2.6 micrograms/ml, Peak plasma OTC concentration was 9.6 +/- 2.6 micrograms/ml, and the time to peak plasma concentration was 7.6 +/- 4.0 hours. Plasma OTC concentration decreased slowly for 168 hours (elimination phase) after drug administration, and the elimination half-life was 23.9 hours. Plasma OTC concentration exceeded 3.8 micrograms/ml at 48 hours after drug administration. From 168 to 240 hours after drug administration, plasma OTC concentration decreased at a slower rate than that seen during the elimination phase. This slower phase was termed the depletion phase, and the depletion half-life was 280.7 hours. Tissue OTC concentration was highest in kidneys and liver. Lung OTC concentration exceeded 4.4 micrograms/g of tissue and 2.0 micrograms/g of tissue at 12 and 48 hours after drug administration, respectively. The drug persisted the longest in kidneys and liver. At 42 days after drug administration, 0.1 micrograms of OTC/g of kidney was detected. At 49 days after drug administration, all OTC tissue concentrations were below the detectable limit. Reactions and toxicosis after drug administration were limited to an anaphylaxis-like reaction (n = 1) and injection site swellings (n = 2).