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Phase III trial of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (CHOP) versus cisplatin, etoposide, bleomycin and prednisone (CisEBP) for the treatment of advanced non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of high grade malignancy. The Danish Lymphoma Study Group

Phase III trial of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (CHOP) versus cisplatin, etoposide, bleomycin and prednisone (CisEBP) for the treatment of advanced non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of high grade malignancy. The Danish Lymphoma Study Group

Acta Oncologica 29(8): 995-999

The trial included 85 previously untreated patients (median age 61 years) with stage III or IV non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of the subtypes centrocytic lymphoma, diffuse centroblastic lymphoma, immunocytoma, immunoblastic lymphoma, or unclassified lymphoma of high grade malignancy. The patients were randomized to 9 monthly treatment cycles of CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone) or CisEBP (cisplatin, bleomycin, etoposide, prednisone). Patients who had failed to achieve even a partial response (PR) after the completion of 2 cycles were switched to the alternative regimen. Complete response (CR) on primary treatment was obtained in 70% (55-83%) of CHOP-treated patients and in 25% (13-41%) of CisEBP-treated patients (p = 0.0004). Secondary CHOP treatment produced CR in 7 (30%) of 24 patients and secondary CisEBP treatment led to CR in 2 (15%) of 14 patients. The median survival was 3.4 years in the CHOP arm and 2.6 years in the CisEBP arm (p = 0.78). Hematologic toxicity was mainly leukocytopenia and anemia in both treatment arms. Non-hematological toxicity was slight, and late toxicity was insignificant. Three treatment-related deaths were noted. We conclude that CHOP induces more remissions than CisEBP in advanced lymphomas of high grade malignancy.

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Accession: 040964572

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PMID: 1703769

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