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Photoreduction of QA, QB, and cytochrome b-559 in an oxygen-evolving photosystem II preparation from the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp



Photoreduction of QA, QB, and cytochrome b-559 in an oxygen-evolving photosystem II preparation from the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp



Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 259(1): 124-130



Light-induced absorption changes in an oxygen-evolving photosystem II (PS II) preparation from the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. were analyzed using continuous illumination which caused the reduction of both QA (first stable quinone electron acceptor) and QB (second quinone electron acceptor of photosystem II). In this photosystem II preparation in the presence of 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU) the amount of QA was estimated to be 1 per 42 chlorophylls. In the absence of DCMU, plastoquinone (1.68 per QA) was photoreduced to plastohydroquinone within a few seconds, indicating that QB is reduced and protonated during this period. An electrochromic band shift centered around 685 nm was observed with and without DCMU. The extent of this band shift caused by QB reduction per electron was about a third or half of that caused by QA reduction. A significant amount of cytochrome b-559 (0.86 per QA) was photoreduced. Only 60% of the photoreduction of cytochrome b-559 was inhibited by a DCMU concentration that inhibited electron transfer beyond QB, indicating that the site of the reduction of cytochrome b-559 is located before the QB site and possibly on the donor side of PS II.

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Accession: 040973788

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PMID: 3120642

DOI: 10.1016/0003-9861(87)90477-2


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