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Potentiation of 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced contraction in rat aorta by chlorpheniramine, citalopram and fluoxetine

Potentiation of 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced contraction in rat aorta by chlorpheniramine, citalopram and fluoxetine

European Journal of Pharmacology 217(2-3): 109-118

This study examined the effects of chlorpheniramine, citalopram and fluoxetine on 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-induced contraction and 5-HT uptake in rat thoracic aortic rings in vitro. Chlorpheniramine and citalopram markedly potentiated 5-HT-induced contraction. Potentiation by fluoxetine was less pronounced. Chlorpheniramine (0.01-1 microM) and citalopram (0.1-1 microM) induced concentration-dependent parallel shifts to the left of the 5-HT concentration-response curves. The potentiation by chlorpheniramine was selective as chlorpheniramine (1 microM) did not potentiate phenylephrine-induced contraction. The potentiation did not depend upon the presence of endothelium, and was not related to H1 receptor antagonism as diphenhydramine and pyrilamine (1 microM) did not similarly enhance 5-HT-induced contractions. Whereas cocaine (1-10 microM) similarly potentiated 5-HT-induced contraction, imipramine (1-10 microM) inhibited, rather than enhanced, contraction elicited by 5-HT. In the presence of 10 microM cocaine, maximally effective concentrations of chlorpheniramine (1 microM) or citalopram (100 nM) did not induce any additional potentiation of 5-HT-induced contraction. Cooling (4 degrees C) markedly inhibited uptake of [3H]5-HT in rings with and without endothelium. Although less marked, imipramine (10 microM), cocaine (1 microM), chlorpheniramine (1 microM) and citalopram (100 nM) inhibited [3H]5-HT uptake in endothelium-intact and endothelium-denuded rings. Fluoxetine also inhibited [3H]5-HT uptake, but the inhibition was only statistically significant in endothelium-intact rings. The monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor, pargyline (10-100 microM), did not significantly affect 5-HT-induced contraction. The results demonstrate that chlorpheniramine, citalopram and to a lesser extent, fluoxetine potentiate 5-HT-induced contraction in rat aorta in which neuronal 5-HT uptake is negligible. The data are consistent with inhibition of non-neuronal 5-HT uptake as at least one mechanism responsible for potentiation of 5-HT-induced contraction in rat aorta by chlorpheniramine, citalopram and fluoxetine.

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Accession: 041026002

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1358631

DOI: 10.1016/0014-2999(92)90827-q

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