Prenatal changes of lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme patterns and activity in bovine tissues
Cepica, S.; Valenta, M.; Pavlů, V.
Physiologia Bohemoslovaca 25(6): 551-559
ISSN/ISBN: 0369-9463 PMID: 139630 Accession: 041040866
Isoenzyme patterns, total lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, E.C. 188.8.131.52) activity and H and M subunit activity were determined in the tissues of Czech Spotted bovine foetuses. Total LDH activity rose in the skeletal muscles throughout the whole of the prenatal period. In the viscera it usually attained the maximum at a foetal length of 66.7 cm. Differences in the isoenzyme patterns of the various organs of an 8.1-cm foetus were relatively small (41.9--66.1% H subunits). In the heart and kidneys, in which LDH1 and LDH2 markedly predominate in adulthood, the isoenzyme pattern resembled the adult one at a length of only 13.3 cm, but in the liver, spleen and lungs not until 66.7 cm. The proportion of H subunits also rose in the part of the gastrointestinal tract where secretory and resorptive activity predominate (the abomasum, the small and the large intestine). Conversely, it fell in organs concerned mainly with the mechanical processing of food (the rumen, reticulum and omasum). The proportion of M subunits rose in all the skeletal muscles up to a foetal length of 66.7 cm. Later on, differentiation into muscles in which M subunits predominated (the longissimus dorsi and the triceps brachii), into muscles with approximately the same proportion of H and M subunits (the iliopsoas) and to muscles with a preponderance of H subunits (the masseter and the muscular part of the diaphragm) occurred.