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Prophylactic use of ofloxacin in granulocytopenic patients with hematological malignancies during post-remission chemotherapy

Internal Medicine 31(3): 319-324

Prophylactic use of ofloxacin in granulocytopenic patients with hematological malignancies during post-remission chemotherapy

The prophylactic efficacy of ofloxacin (OFLX) therapy was evaluated in 51 granulocytopenic episodes in 22 patients with hematological malignancies during post-remission chemotherapy in a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Oral administration of OFLX plus amphotericin-B (AMPH) and polymyxin-B (PL) reduced episodes of fever and infection more than did the control regimen with PL and AMPH alone (p less than 0.01), and the reduction in the incidence of infection was evident even in patients showing severe granulocytopenia (p less than 0.01). Furthermore, the first fever after the onset of granulocytopenia in the OFLX regimen developed later than that in the control regimen (p less than 0.05). Clinically, the prophylactic efficacy was 92% for the OFLX regimen and 40% for the control regimen (p less than 0.01). These findings suggest that OFLX is a promising prophylactic agent following post-remission chemotherapy. Patient hemomyelogram findings similar to those of patients with other malignancies may imply that OFLX is widely effective in granulocytopenic patients taking aggressive chemotherapy.

Accession: 041099923

PMID: 1611181

DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.31.319

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