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Proposal of two subspecies of Fusobacterium necrophorum (Flügge) Moore and Holdeman: Fusobacterium necrophorum subsp. necrophorum subsp. nov., nom. rev. (ex Flügge 1886) , and Fusobacterium necrophorum subsp. funduliforme subsp. nov., nom. rev. (ex Hallé 1898)

Shinjo, T.; Fujisawa, T.; Mitsuoka, T.

International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 41(3): 395-397

1991


ISSN/ISBN: 0020-7713
PMID: 1883714
DOI: 10.1099/00207713-41-3-395
Accession: 041100967

The biological and biochemical properties, DNA base compositions, and levels of DNA-DNA homology of two biovars of Fusobacterium necrophorum were examined. Some differences were found between the two biovars in biological and biochemical properties. The G + C contents of DNAs from biovar A strains VPI 2891T (T = type strain), NCTC 10576, N167, Fn47, and Fn43, were 32, 30, 29, 28, and 31 mol%, respectively. The G + C contents of DNAs from biovar B strains Fn524T, 606, Fn49, Fn45, and 1260 were 30, 31, 27, 31, and 30 mol%, respectively. Labeled DNA from biovar A strain VPI 2891T exhibited 100 to 80% relatedness to DNAs from biovar A strains and 59 to 51% relatedness to DNAs from biovar B strains. Labeled DNA from biovar B strain Fn524T exhibited 100 to 81% relatedness to DNAs from biovar B strains and 71 to 60% relatedness to DNAs from biovar A strains. Therefore, the names Fusobacterium necrophorum subsp. necrophorum subsp. nov., nom. rev. (ex Flügge 1886), and Fusobacterium necrophorum subsp. funduliforme subsp. nov., nom. rev. (ex Hallé 1898), are proposed for Fusobacterium necrophorum biovars A and B, respectively. The type strain of F. necrophorum subsp. necrophorum is strain VPI 2891 (= JCM 3718 = ATCC 25286), and the type strain of F. necrophorum subsp. funduliforme is strain Fn524 (= JCM 3724).

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