Purification, characterization and immunological properties of the capsular polysaccharide of Pasteurella haemolytica serotype T15: its identity with the K62 (K2ab) capsular polysaccharide of Escherichia coli and the capsular polysaccharide of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup H

Adlam, C.; Knights, J.M.; Mugridge, A.; Lindon, J.C.; Williams, J.M.; Beesley, J.E.

Journal of General Microbiology 131(8): 1963-1972


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1287
PMID: 3932592
DOI: 10.1099/00221287-131-8-1963
Accession: 041139582

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Capsular polysaccharide from two strains of Pasteurella haemolytica serotype T15 was purified and characterized by chemical analysis and NMR spectroscopy. The polymer, a teichoic acid, proved to be very similar in structure to the capsular polysaccharide of P. haemolytica serotype T4 and identical to the previously described K62 (K2ab) capsular polysaccharide of Escherichia coli, and the capsular polysaccharide of Neisseria meningitidis serotype H, i.e. ----(2-glycerol-3)----(phosphate)----(4-alpha-D-galactopyranose -1)---- with partial O-acetylation on the galactose residues. Electron microscopy with Protein A-gold labelled antisera showed that the polysaccharide was peripherally located on the surface of all three organisms. Chemical removal of O-acetyl groups from the polysaccharide yielded a structure identical to that previously described for E. coli K2 (K2a). Both O-acetylated and de-O-acetylated P. haemolytica T15 polymers, when absorbed on to sheep erythrocytes in passive haemagglutination assays, yielded identical antibody titres with sera raised against P. haemolytica T15, E. coli K2 or N. meningitidis H whole cells. De-O-acetylation of the Pasteurella polysaccharide influenced its precipitability with immune sera, but this could not be related to the absence of O-acetyl groups because the non-acetylated E. coli K2 polymer readily precipitated with a line of 'identity' with the acetylated P. haemolytica T15 polymer.