Rearing of female cattle twins using complete feed pellets in comparison to straw pellets plus concentrate mixture. 1. Weight gain performance and feed expenditure as well as rumen fermentation conditions during the 4th-12th months of life

Münchow, H.; Bergner, H.

Archiv für Tierernährung 35(2): 121-132

1985


ISSN/ISBN: 0003-942X
PMID: 4039922
Accession: 041182536

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Abstract
The investigations with young female cattle (twin cattle, n = 30) the applicability of straw as sole roughage after the end of the suckling period was tested. Completely (I) and partly (II) pelleted rations of dried feed with a straw component of 65% each in the total rations were used. Feed intake, development of body weight, feed expenditure as well as indexes of rumen fermentation and of the concentration of some metabolism parameters in the blood serum were measured. In the complete test period (between 5th and 12th months of life, 243 days) there were not any significant differences between the groups in all registrations. Average daily weight gains of 570 g were achieved with an overall high dry matter (2.6 kg/100 kg live weight) and roughage (straw) intake (1.6 kg dry matter/100 kg live weight). The standard expenditure of energy and protein given for the stage of development was differentiatedly undercut. The energy expenditure being below the standard (ca. 10%), the total energy expenditure (kEFUcattle) was by 20 (II) and 25% (I) below standard expenditure. Energy expenditure aimed at weight gain reached very satisfactory values with 3.68 (I) and 3.79 kEFUcattle/kg weight gain (II). Protein expenditure fell short of the standard for the development stage by 14 (II) and 20% (I) resp. All parameters ascertained of the rumen and intermediate metabolism were in the physiologic standard range, as is characteristic of feeding regimes with a relatively high quota of roughage.