Reassessment of the prevalence of heat-stable enterotoxin (NAG-ST) among environmental Vibrio cholerae non-O1 strains isolated from Calcutta, India, by using a NAG-ST DNA probe
Pal, A.; Ramamurthy, T.; Bhadra, R.K.; Takeda, T.; Shimada, T.; Takeda, Y.; Nair, G.B.; Pal, S.C.; Chakrabarti, S.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology 58(8): 2485-2489
ISSN/ISBN: 0099-2240 PMID: 1514795 Accession: 041183100
A collection of 521 environmental isolates of Vibrio cholerae which were previously examined by the suckling mouse assay and found to be negative for the heat-stable enterotoxin NAG-ST were reassessed by a recently developed DNA probe for NAG-ST. A total of 12 (2.3%) of the isolates hybridized with the NAG-ST probe. By using a cholera toxin (CT) DNA probe, the CT gene was detected in six of the strains in the collection, although none of the isolates of V. cholerae non-O1 hybridized with both of the toxin probes. All of the NAG-ST and CT probe-positive strains were hemolysin positive. Thirty-fold-concentrated supernatants of the three representative NAG-ST DNA probe-positive V. cholerae non-O1 strains gave positive fluid accumulation ratios in the suckling mouse assay even after heating (100 degrees C for 5 min) and also inhibited the binding of a NAG-ST monoclonal antibody to the bound NAG-ST in a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Likewise, all six CT probe-positive V. cholerae non-O1 strains produced in vitro CT when examined by the CT bead ELISA. HindIII digest patterns of chromosomal DNA from the representative NAG-ST gene-positive strains were visually indistinguishable. Between the groups of NAG-ST probe-positive strains examined, there was a variation in the hybridizable fragments, with one group of strains exhibiting a hybridizable fragment similar to that of the NRT 36 reference strain; a smaller HindIII fragment hybridized with the NAG-ST probe in the other group of strains.