Section 42
Chapter 41,190

Recombinant human interferon-gamma as adjunct therapy for Aspergillus infection in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease

Bernhisel-Broadbent, J.; Camargo, E.E.; Jaffe, H.S.; Lederman, H.M.

Journal of Infectious Diseases 163(4): 908-911


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1899
PMID: 1901336
DOI: 10.1093/infdis/163.4.908
Accession: 041189120

Download citation:  

The hallmark of chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is defective killing of ingested microorganisms by phagocytic cells. Invasive aspergillosis in CGD patients is particularly virulent and has a mortality rate of approximately 50%. A patient with autosomal recessive CGD was identified who had progressive pulmonary aspergillosis that was unresponsive to conventional antifungal therapy. She was treated with recombinant human interferon-gamma (rHuIFN-gamma) and had a dramatic improvement in clinical symptoms, sedimentation rate, and radiographic scans. No consistent improvement in bactericidal function or neutrophil oxidative capacity could be demonstrated. However, serum neopterin levels, a measure of macrophage activation, increased in a dose-dependent manner with rHuIFN-gamma therapy; increased levels mirrored the improved clinical parameters. This patient's treatment illustrates the usefulness of the single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) gallium scan for following pulmonary inflammatory lesions in the presence of fibrosis and indicates that rHuIFN-gamma may be of benefit to CGD patients with serious infections unresponsive to conventional therapy.

PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90