Regional localization of human gene loci on chromosome 9: studies of somatic cell hybrids containing human translocations
Mohandas, T.; Sparkes, R.S.; Sparkes, M.C.; Shulkin, J.D.; Toomey, K.E.; Funderburk, S.J.
American Journal of Human Genetics 31(5): 586-600
ISSN/ISBN: 0002-9297 PMID: 292306 Accession: 041206511
Somatic cell hybrids were derived from the fusion of (1) Chinese hamster cells deficient in hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) and human cells carrying an X/9 translocation and (2) Chinese hamster cells deficient in thymidine kinase (TK) and human cells carrying a 17/9 translocation. Several independent primary hybrid clones from these two series of cell hybrids were analyzed cytogenitically for human chromosome content and electrophoretically for the expression of human markers known to be on human chromosome 9. The results allow the assignment of the loci for the enzymes galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT), soluble aconitase (ACONs), and adenylate kinase-3 (AK3) to the short arm of chromosome 9 (p11 to pter) and the locus for the enzyme adenylate kinase-1 (AK1) to the distal end of the long arm of human chromosome 9 (hand q34). Earlier family studies have shown that the locus for AK1 is closely linked to the ABO blood group locus and to the locus of the nail-patella (Np) syndrome. Thus the regional localization of AK1 locus permits the localization of the AK1-Np-ABO linkage group.