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Regulation of K562 cell transferrin receptors by exogenous iron

, : Regulation of K562 cell transferrin receptors by exogenous iron. Journal of Cellular Physiology 122(3): 441-450

Single-cell analysis of K562 human erythroleukemia cells by flow cytometry was used to demonstrate the specific role of iron in regulating transferrin receptors (TfRs) and to establish that TfR expression does not necessarily correlate with growth rate. Exogenous iron concentration in culture was manipulated by supplementing the medium with sera having different iron concentrations over the range 0.6 to 5.4 micrograms/ml, by the addition of iron in the form of FeCl3, iron-saturated serum, or diferric transferrin, and by the addition of the iron chelator Desferal (desferrioxamine). TfR expression was negatively correlated with exogenous iron content: any treatment that reduced exogenous iron supply by at least 15% resulted in as much as a 1.8-fold increase in external receptors, detected as binding by both transferrin and monoclonal anti-TfR antibodies, and a 1.5-fold increase in the pool of internal receptors, as detected by anti-TfR antibody binding. None of these treatments altered growth rate, total cellular protein content, protein synthetic rate, cell cycle distribution or cell size. The rapid (12 hr) and reversible induction of internal and external receptors by Desferal was inhibited by cycloheximide and therefore may have resulted from de novo synthesis and not just mobilization of internal receptor pool to the cell surface. The correlation between growth rate and TfR expression previously observed in these and other cells must be secondary to cellular mechanisms that maintain intracellular iron pools by regulating synthesis, recycling, and cell surface expression of TfRs.

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Accession: 041208972

PMID: 2981898

DOI: 10.1002/jcp.1041220315

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