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Regulation of hematopoiesis in rats exposed to antiorthostatic hypokinetic/hypodynamia: II. Mechanisms of the "anemia"

, : Regulation of hematopoiesis in rats exposed to antiorthostatic hypokinetic/hypodynamia: II. Mechanisms of the "anemia". Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 57(1): 36-44

Results are presented which demonstrate a close similarity between the ability of antiorthostatic hypokinetic/hypodynamia and orthostatic hypokinetic/hypodynamia to induce anemia in laboratory rats. The "restraint anemia" (whether mediated directly by reduced activity or indirectly by possible changes in blood circulation or in altered weight-bearing capacity of the skeleton) was largely due to reduced food and/or water consumption and displayed the classical symptoms of inadequate nutrition, i.e. decreased serum erythropoietin (Ep) titers and reduced Ep sensitivity of hematopoietic tissue. Only changes in red blood cell (RBC) clearance were unique to the head-down (antiorthostatic) posture. During suspension, RBC clearance was reduced and then accelerated when suspension was terminated or the cells transfused into a normal environment. Changes in RBC clearance were due to both cell-associated and cell-independent factors and may be related to the alterations in RBC survival seen in rats during or immediately after space flight. In both suspension and weightlessness, these changes were limited to alterations in the force and/or direction of the gravity vector.

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Accession: 041210908

PMID: 3942569

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