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Regulation of hepatic gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis by phosphorylated glycerol and glycolytic intermediates in diabetic and control Chinese hamsters

, : Regulation of hepatic gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis by phosphorylated glycerol and glycolytic intermediates in diabetic and control Chinese hamsters. Biochemical Medicine and Metabolic Biology 37(2): 228-234

Metabolic regulation of gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis by two phosphorylated derivatives of glycerol, G3P, and DHAP, and by F2,6BP, was assessed in vitro in liver homogenates obtained from Chinese hamsters (C. griseus) of two types: diabetic animals from sublines with consistent glycosuria and hyperglycemia, and normoglycemic controls. Only FBPase was sensitive to inhibition by the phosphorylated metabolites. G3P was weakly inhibitory of FBPase. Addition of 7 X 10(-3) M DHAP halved FBPase activity in the diabetic hamsters and 4 X 10(-3) M DHAP produced the same effect in the controls. The other gluconeogenic enzymes and phosphorylase a were only negligibly inhibited. In contrast, F2,6BP inhibited FBPase at concentrations in the micromolar range. Liver homogenates from diabetic hamsters appeared significantly more sensitive to F2,6BP inhibition of FBPase than those from controls at concentrations 0.6 X 10(-6) M and higher. These data indicate that in well-fed hamsters phosphorylated glycerol derivatives are unlikely to regulate hepatic gluconeogenesis at physiologic concentrations. However, the effects of F2,6BP on gluconeogenesis and glycolysis may be linked to those mediated by insulin. Thus, the deficiency of insulin, elevated end-organ insulin resistance, the alteration in the glucagon-insulin interaction, or a combination of these possible causes can be involved in an abnormal regulation of glycolysis and gluconeogenesis at the FBPase step, associated with changes in F2,6BP concentration.

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Accession: 041210949

PMID: 2954569

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