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Regulation of herpesvirus macromolecular synthesis: sequential transition of polypeptide synthesis requires functional viral polypeptides

, : Regulation of herpesvirus macromolecular synthesis: sequential transition of polypeptide synthesis requires functional viral polypeptides. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 72(4): 1276-1280

It was previously shown that virus-specific polypeptides made in HEp-2 cells infected with herpes simplex 1 form three groups designated alpha, beta, and gamma whose synthesis is coordinately regulated and sequentially ordered. This report shows that one or more functional alpha polypeptides are necessary to turn on the synthesis of beta and gamma groups, and conversely, one or more polypeptides in the latter groups turn off the synthesis of alpha polypeptides. Specifically, infected cells maintained in medium containing either canavanine, an analogue of arginine, or azetidine-2-carboxylic acid an analogue of proline and hydroxyproline, synthesized alpha polypeptide at rates comparable to maximal rates in untreated infected cells but did not undergo the normal transition to beta and gamma polypeptide synthesis. The transition to gamma polypeptide synthesis and shut-off of synthesis of earlier polypeptide groups proceeded normally if addition of canavanine was delayed until at least 4-5 hr after infection. Addition of canavanine after the onset of beta and gamma polypeptide synthesis, i.e., between 2 and 3.5 hr after infection, resulted in sustained, simultaneous synthesis of all three polypeptide groups, a phenomenon not seen in untreated infected cells. Canavanine-treated infected cells, synthesizing alpha polypeptides, recovered the capacity to make beta and gamma polypeptides after removal of the analogue, but only after a 1-to 2-hr delay compared with infected untreated cells. The data indicate that the on and off controls inherent in the cascade regulation of viral polypeptide synthesis are mediated by one or more polypeptides in each group at transcriptional or post-transcriptional levels.

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Accession: 041210997

PMID: 165503

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