Regulation of human estrogen receptor gene, epidermal growth factor receptor gene, and oncogenes by estrogen and antiestrogen in MCF-7 breast cancer cells
Murayama, Y.; Kurata, S.; Mishim, Y.
Cancer Detection and Prevention 13(2): 103-107
ISSN/ISBN: 0361-090X PMID: 3242819 Accession: 041211093
It is generally believed that estrogen may act either as an initiator or as a promoter in carcinogenesis of human breast cancer. This estrogenic action is generally dependent on the estrogen receptor. In the human estrogen receptor, cDNA has a homology to V-erb-A oncogene. Experiments using MCF-7 human breast cancer cells were carried out to study the regulatory effect of estrogen and antiestrogen on RNA activities of oncogenes, estrogen receptor gene, and epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor gene. The effect of estradiol on activation of estrogen and EGF receptor genes and myc, ras, and fos oncogenes was positive in relation to the concentrations of supplemented estradiol. In addition, the effects of antiestrogen (tamoxifen) were investigated. Tamoxifen suppressed MCF-7 cell growth, and spot hybridization of the RNA of MCF-7 cells revealed that RNA activities of estrogen and EGF receptor genes and myc, ras, and fos oncogenes were suppressed by tamoxifen. These results suggest that the three oncogenes and two receptor genes are partly regulated by estrogen and antiestrogen (tamoxifen) in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. This regulatory system may have a role in carcinogenesis and in the treatment of human breast cancer.