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Regulation of hydroxydocosanoic acid sophoroside production in Candida bogoriensis by the levels of glucose and yeast extract in the growth medium


, : Regulation of hydroxydocosanoic acid sophoroside production in Candida bogoriensis by the levels of glucose and yeast extract in the growth medium. Journal of Biological Chemistry 254(6): 1944-1950

Cells of Candida bogoriensis produce as a major extracellular lipid 13-[(2'-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]docosanoic acid 6',6''-diacetate (Ac2Glc2HDA), the diacetylated sophoroside of 13-hydroxydocosanoic acid (HDA), along with mono- and unacetylated derivatives. The HDA glycolipid production is greater than 2 g/liter when cells are grown on a "standard" medium of 3% glucose and 0.15% yeast extract. Either lowering the glucose concentration (0.5 to 2.0% glucose, at 0.2% yeast extract) or raising the yeast extract concentration (2 to 4% yeast extract at 3% glucose) greatly decreased the yield of this glycolipid, as well as its rate of synthesis measured by [14C]acetate incorporation. Total HDA production was also depressed on the low glucose medium, as was the activity of UDP-glucose:HDA glucosyltransferase, the first enzyme involved in the synthesis of Ac2Glc2HDA from HDA. Levels of acetyl-CoA:Glc2HDA acetyltransferase were not decreased by growth on a low glucose medium, however, even under conditions in which glycolipid production was less than 4% of that found in the standard medium. Low levels of the HDA glycolipids were monitored by high pressure liquid chromatography of their p-bromophenacyl esters, formed by the action of alpha,beta-dibromoacetophenone on the sodium salt of the lipid in the presence of a crown reagent catalyst. This regulation of extracellular Ac2Glc2HDA production by the nutrient composition of the growth medium may represent an important property in the adaptation of C. bogoriensis to its natural environment, the phyllosphere.

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Accession: 041211155

PMID: 422563

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