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Regulation of insulin receptor activity of human erythrocyte membrane by prostaglandin E1

, : Regulation of insulin receptor activity of human erythrocyte membrane by prostaglandin E1. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 856(3): 421-427

Incubation of human erythrocyte membrane with low concentration of prostaglandin E1 or prostacyclin increased the binding of 125I-labeled insulin to the membrane. The binding of the radioiodinated hormone was maximally stimulated at 3 nM prostaglandin E1 and the use of higher concentrations (above 8 nM) of the autacoid tended to reverse its own effect at lower concentrations. While prostaglandins A1, A2, B1, B2, D2, F1 alpha, F2 alpha or 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha had no effect on the binding of insulin to the erythrocyte membrane, prostaglandin E2 at similar concentrations decreased the binding of the hormone. The effect of prostaglandin E1 on the increased binding of the insulin was found to be reversible and depended on the occupancy of the autacoid molecules on the membrane and showed positive cooperativity. Scatchard analysis of the binding of 125I-labeled insulin to the erythrocyte ghosts indicated that in the presence of the autacoid, the binding capacity of the insulin receptor increased 2-fold (from 207 to 424 fmol/mg protein) without any change in the ghosts affinity for the ligand (Kd 2.4 X 10(-9) versus 2.49 X 10(-9) M). As a consequence of increased binding of insulin to the erythrocyte membrane in the presence of prostaglandin E1 (3.0 nM), the optimal concentration of the peptide hormone for the maximal reduction of the membrane microviscosity decreased from approx. 1.6 to approx. 0.4 nM. Addition of prostaglandin E1 alone at the above concentration to the assay mixture had no effect on the membrane microviscosity.

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Accession: 041211260

PMID: 3516223

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