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Regulation of intestinal calbindin-D28K gene expression: a solution hybridization study

Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 283(1): 193-199

Regulation of intestinal calbindin-D28K gene expression: a solution hybridization study

A solution hybridization assay employing specific synthetic oligodeoxynucleotide probes was developed to study the regulation of intestinal calbindin-D28K mRNA. The technique is rapid and quantitative and eliminates the need for sample transfer, blotting, autoradiography, and densitometry. Following validation of the assay, chick intestinal calbindin-D and calbindin-D mRNA levels were compared under conditions known to stimulate intestinal calcium (Ca) transport. Both the protein and its mRNA were undetectable in 25-day-old vitamin D-deficient chicks. Following acute administration of vitamin D3, calbindin-D mRNA levels increased somewhat more rapidly than calbindin-D protein, but overall, the correlation was excellent. Chicks fed a nutritionally adequate diet for 14 days and then changed to a low Ca (0.1%) diet responded with increased calbindin-D and calbindin-D mRNA levels. Again the correlation was excellent over the ensuing 14-day experimental period. The combined effects of vitamin D repletion and dietary Ca status were also investigated with respect to calbindin D and its mRNA. Fourteen-day-old vitamin D-deficient chicks were changed to diets containing vitamin D and either adequate (1.2%) or low (0.3%) in Ca. The intestinal responses were measured at intervals up to 14 days. In the normal Ca situation, there were initial increases in both calbindin mRNA levels, which peaked at between 4 and 7 days, and calbindin protein levels, which peaked at 7 days. Both values subsequently declined during the remaining 7 days of the experimental period. In the low Ca situation, there were similar increases in calbindin mRNA and protein levels through 4 and 7 days respectively, but these levels remained high for the remainder of the 14-day experimental period. The present results demonstrate that intestinal tissue levels of calbindin D and its mRNA respond similarly to vitamin D repletion and dietary Ca restriction as well as the combination of these stimuli. There is no evidence to support significant post-transcriptional regulation of calbindin-D by Ca.

Accession: 041211363

PMID: 2241170

DOI: 10.1016/0003-9861(90)90630-h

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