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Regulation of intracellular iron distribution in K562 human erythroleukemia cells

, : Regulation of intracellular iron distribution in K562 human erythroleukemia cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 261(10): 4587-4593

Following a pulse with 59Fe-transferrin, K562 erythroleukemia cells incorporate a significant amount of 59Fe into ferritin. Conditions or manipulations which alter the supply of iron to cells result in changes in the rate of ferritin biosynthesis with consequent variations in the size of the ferritin pool. Overnight exposure to iron donors such as diferric transferrin or hemin increases the ferritin level 2-4- or 6-8-fold above that of the control, respectively. Treatment with the anti-human transferrin receptor antibody, OKT9 (which reduces the iron uptake by decreasing the number of transferrin receptors) lowers the ferritin level by approximately 70-80% with respect to the control. The fraction of total cell-associated 59Fe (given as a pulse via transferrin) that becomes ferritin bound is proportional to the actual ferritin level and is independent of the instantaneous amount of iron taken up. This has allowed us to establish a curve that correlates different levels of intracellular ferritin with corresponding percentages of incoming iron delivered to ferritin. Iron released from transferrin appears to distribute to ferritin according to a partition function; the entering load going into ferritin is set for a given ferritin level over a wide range of actual amounts of iron delivered.

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Accession: 041211388

PMID: 3457008

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