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Reproduction in Fischer-344 rats exposed to methyl chloride by inhalation for two generations

Reproduction in Fischer-344 rats exposed to methyl chloride by inhalation for two generations

Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 5(3): 568-577

Male and female Fischer-344 rats were exposed to methyl chloride by inhalation (0, 150, 475, or 1500 ppm, 6 hr/day, 5 days/week, 40 males and 80 females per group). The only treatment-related clinical signs were a 10 to 20% body weight gain depression (BWGD) in both males and females exposed to 1500 ppm at all weekly weighings after 2 weeks of exposure and a 5-7% BWGD in 475-ppm exposed animals after Day 57. After 10 weeks the exposure schedule was changed to 6 hr/day, 7 days/week and each male was mated to two exposed females. The mating period was ended after 2 weeks, at which point 10 males/group were necropsied. The only treatment-related lesions found were severe bilateral testicular degeneration (10/10) and granulomas in the epididymis (3/10) in the 1500-ppm males. The remaining 30 males per group were then removed from exposure and mated during a 2-week period with 60 unexposed females. The exposed females were continued on exposure from the start of mating to Postnatal Day 28 (6 hr/day, 7 days/week). The females were not exposed from Gestation Day 18 to Postnatal Day 4, and the pups were never directly exposed prior to weaning. There were no significant differences between groups in the number of exposed or unexposed females that mated, as evidenced by copulation plugs. No litters were born to exposed or unexposed females mated to the 1500-ppm males. There was no significant difference in the number of litters produced by the 150-ppm groups when compared to the control groups. Fewer litters were born in the 475-ppm groups than in the control groups. No differences in litter size, sex ratio, pup viability, or pup growth were found among the 475-ppm, 150-ppm, or control F0 groups. When bred 10 weeks after the cessation of exposures, 5 to 20 1500-ppm F0 males had regained the ability to sire normal litters. The same number of 475-ppm F0 males proved as fertile (15/20) as control F0 males (13/20). After weaning, F1 pups from the 475-, 150-, and 0-ppm groups were exposed to the same concentrations of methyl chloride for 10 weeks and then mated. A trend toward decreased fertility was found in the 475-ppm F1 group.

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Accession: 041242452

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 4007311

DOI: 10.1093/toxsci/5.3.568

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