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Responses to noradrenaline in human subcutaneous resistance arteries are mediated by both alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors



Responses to noradrenaline in human subcutaneous resistance arteries are mediated by both alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors



British Journal of Pharmacology 99(1): 31-34



1. In vitro experiments in a microvascular myograph were designed to characterize postjunctional alpha-adrenoceptors of human subcutaneous resistance arteries (normalised internal diameter 143-313 microns). 2. Both the alpha 1-selective agonist phenylephrine in the presence of 0.3 microM yohimbine and the alpha 2-selective agonist B-HT 933 in the presence of 0.3 microM prazosin elicited prominent and concentration-dependent contractions. The maximum response to phenylephrine and B-HT 933 was not different from the response to high K physiological salt solution (125 mM K+), and the pD2 values (-log EC50) were 5.90 and 6.11, respectively. 3. In the presence of the alpha 2-selective antagonist yohimbine (0.3 microM), the alpha 1-selective antagonist prazosin competitively antagonised the responses to phenylephrine; the pA2 of prazosin for the receptor which mediated the response to phenylephrine was 8.41. 4. Blockade of either alpha 2-adrenoceptors with 0.1 microM yohimbine or alpha 1-adrenoceptors with 0.1 microM prazosin caused shifts to the right of the noradrenaline concentration-response curves and the shifts in pD2 were 0.69 and 0.61, respectively. The combination of the two antagonists at the above-mentioned concentrations caused a marked, parallel shift to the right of the noradrenaline concentration-response curve, the shift of the pD2 was 2.68. 5. These results suggest that activation of both alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors produces contractions in human subcutaneous resistance arteries, and that responses to noradrenaline in these vessels are mediated by both alpha-adrenoceptor subtypes.

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Accession: 041254033

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PMID: 1970494


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