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Reversal of autoimmune encephalomyelitis by membranes presenting myelin basic protein-associated class II MHC molecule as an approach to immunotherapy of organ-specific autoimmune diseases


Reversal of autoimmune encephalomyelitis by membranes presenting myelin basic protein-associated class II MHC molecule as an approach to immunotherapy of organ-specific autoimmune diseases



European Journal of Immunology 20(2): 357-361



ISSN/ISBN: 0014-2980

PMID: 1690134

DOI: 10.1002/eji.1830200219

Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a well-accepted experimental model for multiple sclerosis in humans, is a paralytic disease mediated by CD4+ T cells specific for myelin basic protein (MBP). Several approaches to immune-specific therapy of EAE as a model for other organ-specific autoimmune diseases have previously been reported. We now show that macrophages (M phi) or B cells, as antigen-presenting cells, when pulsed with MBP and intraperitoneally (but not intravenously) inoculated after the encephalitogenic challenge, are highly effective in blocking the development of EAE. Moreover, M phi pulsed with an organ tissue homogenate, mouse spinal cord homogenate, can also present the relevant target antigen, MBP, and are as effective as MBP-pulsed M phi in blocking the development of EAE. This capacity of the M phi to identify and present the relevant target antigen indicates that this approach is also applicable to organ-specific autoimmune diseases other than EAE, regardless of how much is known about their etiological agent or specific target antigen. Nonviable glutaraldehyde-fixed MBP-pulsed M phi or membranes derived from MBP-pulsed M phi retain their capacity to block the development of EAE.

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Accession: 041267790

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