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Reversibility of strand invasion promoted by recA protein and its inhibition by Escherichia coli single-stranded DNA-binding protein or phage T4 gene 32 protein



Reversibility of strand invasion promoted by recA protein and its inhibition by Escherichia coli single-stranded DNA-binding protein or phage T4 gene 32 protein



Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(1): 200-209



When recA protein promotes homologous pairing and strand exchange involving circular single strands and linear duplex DNA, the protein first polymerizes on the single-stranded DNA to form a nucleoprotein filament which then binds naked duplex DNA to form nucleoprotein networks, the existence of which is independent of homology, but requires the continued presence of recA protein (Tsang, S. S., Chow, S. A., and Radding, C. M. (1985) Biochemistry 24, 3226-3232). Further experiments revealed that within a few minutes after the beginning of homologous pairing and strand exchange, these networks began to be replaced by a distinct set of networks with inverse properties: their formation depended upon homology, but they survived removal of recA protein by a variety of treatments. Formation of this second kind of network required that homology be present specifically at the end of the linear duplex molecule from which strand exchange begins. Escherichia coli single-stranded DNA-binding protein or phage T4 gene 32 protein largely suppressed the formation of this second population of networks by inactivating the newly formed heteroduplex DNA, which, however, could be reactivated when recA protein was dissociated by incubation at 0 degrees C. We interpret these observations as evidence of reinitiation of strand invasion when recA protein acts in the absence of auxiliary helix-destabilizing proteins. These observations indicate that the nature of the nucleoprotein products of strand exchange determines whether pairing and strand exchange are reversible or not, and they further suggest a new explanation for the way in which E. coli single-stranded DNA-binding protein and gene 32 protein accelerate the apparent forward rate of strand exchange promoted by recA protein, namely by suppressing initiation of the reverse reaction.

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Accession: 041268946

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PMID: 3275638


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