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Short-term effects of fluoride on biosynthesis of enamel-matrix proteins and dentine collagens and on mineralization during hamster tooth-germ development in organ culture


Short-term effects of fluoride on biosynthesis of enamel-matrix proteins and dentine collagens and on mineralization during hamster tooth-germ development in organ culture



Archives of Oral Biology 30(2): 181-191



ISSN/ISBN: 0003-9969

PMID: 3857037

DOI: 10.1016/0003-9969(85)90113-x

The effect of various concentrations of fluoride (F-) on cell proliferation, matrix formation and mineralization was examined in hamster molar tooth germs in premineralizing and mineralizing stages. The exposure lasted 16 h (mineralizing stages) and 24 h (premineralizing stages) and the F- levels ranged from 2.63 microM to 2.63 mM; [3H]-thymidine, [3H]-proline, 45Ca and 32PO4 were used as markers for cell proliferation, matrix formation and mineralization, respectively. The proline-labelled amelogenins were isolated by sequential extraction with water and formic acid and their nature examined by SDS-urea-polyacrylamide electrophoresis. Digestion by collagenase was used to assess the amount of proline incorporated into collagens. F- in concentrations up to 1.31 mM inhibited neither biosynthesis of DNA and amelogenins, nor synthesis of collagens and their hydroxylation. Amelogenins extracted from F- induced, non-mineralizing enamel matrix had the same electrophoretic mobility and the same degree of phosphorylation as amelogenins from normal, mineralizing enamel. However, F- increased the uptake of 45Ca and TCA-soluble 32P dose-dependently, starting with 52 microM. Thus, interference with secretion of enamel matrix by F- takes place at much lower concentrations than required to inhibit biosynthesis of enamel matrix.

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Accession: 041357848

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