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Simultaneous expression of the rare and common fragile sites on the X chromosome



Simultaneous expression of the rare and common fragile sites on the X chromosome



Clinical Genetics 40(6): 423-429



The fragile X [fra(X)] syndrome is the most common inherited form of X-linked mental retardation and is associated with a rare folate sensitive fragile site on the X chromosome at band Xq27.3. Recently, a common fragile site located at chromosome band Xq27.2 was delineated (Sutherland & Baker 1990). In order to confirm the previous findings and to further investigate the conditions required for induction of both types of fragile sites, we studied the use of four experimental protocols. Samples from a control male, two fra(X) males and a fra(X) carrier female were studied. Both common and rare fragile sites were seen in the samples from the fra(X) subjects. Up to 4% of cells showed both common and rare fragile sites on the same X chromosome at the 500 band level. The rare and common fragile sites on the X chromosome could be clearly distinguished. From 1 to 3% of the control cells exhibited the common fragile site, while none exhibited the rare fragile site. These protocols should be useful in resolving questionable fra(X) syndrome diagnoses.

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Accession: 041370869

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1838037

DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.1991.tb03113.x


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