Solid-phase synthesis of peptides with C-terminal asparagine or glutamine. An effective, mild procedure based on N alpha-fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl (Fmoc) protection and side-chain anchoring to a tris (alkoxy) benzylamide (PAL) handle
Albericio, F.; van Abel, R.; Barany, G.
International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research 35(3): 284-286
ISSN/ISBN: 0367-8377 PMID: 2354880 Accession: 041390491
Attempts to anchor Fmoc-asparagine or glutamine as p-alkoxybenzyl esters for solid-phase peptide synthesis are fraught with difficulties. A convenient and effective method to prepare peptides with C-terminal asparagine or glutamine involves quantitative attachment of N alpha-Fmoc-C alpha-tert.-butyl aspartate or glutamate via the free omega-carboxyl groups to a tris(alkoxy)benzylamino (PAL) support. Chain elongation proceeds normally by standard Fmoc chemistry, and treatment with acid, e.g., CF3COOH--CH2Cl2, 90 min at 25 degrees, releases the desired peptides in greater than 95% yields without side reactions at the C-terminus. Feasibility of the approach has been demonstrated by the syntheses of the C-terminal octapeptide from human proinsulin, H-Leu-Ala-Leu-Glu-Gly-Ser-Leu-Gln-OH, and the serum thymic factor pGlu-Ala-Lys-Ser-Gln-Gly-Gly-Ser-Asn-OH.