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Somatostatin analogue (SMS 201-995) decreases plasma levels of corticotropin (ACTH) and corticotropin-releasing hormone in a patient with ectopic ACTH-producing tumors



Somatostatin analogue (SMS 201-995) decreases plasma levels of corticotropin (ACTH) and corticotropin-releasing hormone in a patient with ectopic ACTH-producing tumors



Endocrinologia Japonica 37(6): 923-932



Effects of long-acting somatostain analogue (SMS 201-995) on plasma corticotropin (ACTH) and corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) levels were studied in a patient (63-year-old woman) with ectopic ACTH-producing tumors associated with type I multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN-I). The patient had undergone bilateral adrenalectomy. Plasma CRH, as well as plasma ACTH, beta-endorphin and alpha-MSH, increased. The hormone levels were dramatically decreased by acute administration of SMS 201-995. Moderately higher doses of dexamethasone (0.05 or 0.1 mg/kg a day) did not decrease plasma CRH or ACTH. An extremely high dose of dexamethasone (0.2 mg/kg a day), however, decreased plasma ACTH, but failed to decrease plasma CRH. Acute administration of SMS 201-995 further lowered the level of plasma ACTH even in this condition. In addition to the decrease in ACTH, SMS 201-995 decreased plasma CRH. Chronic administration of SMS 201-995 continuously decreased plasma CRH, ACTH and beta-endorphin. The decrease in these hormone concentrations accompanied the disappearance of hyperpigmentation. These results suggested that SMS 201-995 inhibits hypersecretion not only of ACTH but also of CRH, and that the agent is therapeutically useful in normalizing the hypersecretion of these hormones.

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Accession: 041393391

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PMID: 1983217


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