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Somatostatin in the emergency treatment of upper digestive hemorrhage in patients with portal hypertension



Somatostatin in the emergency treatment of upper digestive hemorrhage in patients with portal hypertension



Acta Gastroenterologica Latinoamericana 19(3): 139-146



During a 2-yr period 15 patients (17 episodes) with variceal bleeding (VB) and 7 with cirrhosis and acute gastroduodenal haemorrhage (GDH) received intravenous somatostatin (250 mcg per hr after a bolus of 250 mcg). Initial control of bleeding was achieved in 13 (76%) with VB and in all with GDH. Three of the 4 patients with VB and 2 with GDH who rebled during treatment were controlled increasing the infusion to 500 mcg/hr. Patients with VB received somatostatin for 24 hrs, time selected for initiating injection sclerotherapy, and those with GDH for 48-72 hrs. At 24 hrs 71% of patients with VB and all with GDH were free of bleeding. Combining different therapies VB was controlled in 16 of the 17 episodes (94%) with only one death. No complications were observed in any of the 22 patients treated.

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Accession: 041393592

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PMID: 2576849


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