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Spectroscopic investigations of the single tryptophan residue and of riboflavin and 7-oxolumazine bound to lumazine apoprotein from Photobacterium leiognathi

Spectroscopic investigations of the single tryptophan residue and of riboflavin and 7-oxolumazine bound to lumazine apoprotein from Photobacterium leiognathi

Biochemistry 26(2): 540-549

ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960

PMID: 3828324

DOI: 10.1021/bi00376a028

Spectroscopic techniques have been applied to investigate the conformation, local structure, and dynamic properties of the apoprotein of the lumazine protein from Photobacterium leiognathi and the holoprotein reconstituted with either the natural ligand 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine or the closely related analogues riboflavin and 6-methyl-7-oxo-8-ribityllumazine (7-oxolumazine). The analogues are bound similarly to the natural prosthetic group. They exhibit similar shifts on binding in their absorption and fluorescence spectra, single-exponential fluorescence decays, and no independent motion from the protein as evident from a long-lived anisotropy decay (single-exponential phi = 10 ns, 20 degrees C) and high initial anisotropy. Steady-state anisotropy measurements result in similar KD's (40 nM, 20 degrees C, 50 mM inorganic phosphate) for all ligands. Circular dichroism in the far-UV region (190-250 nm) indicates no change in secondary structure on binding to the apoprotein. In the spectral region of 250-310 nm relatively large changes occur, indicating changes in the environment of the tyrosine and tryptophan residues. The single tryptophan residue shows a three-exponential decay of its fluorescence in both the apoprotein and the holoprotein. Radiationless energy transfer also occurs from the tryptophan to the bound ligand, especially evident with 7-oxolumazine. We have designed a new method for evaluation of the rate constant of energy transfer by measuring the (picosecond) rise time of the acceptor fluorescence. The anisotropy decay of the tryptophan residue shows two correlation times, a short one (phi approximately equal to 0.4 ns) representing rapid but restriced oscillation of this residue and a longer one (phi 2 = 5-7 ns, 20 degrees C) representing the motion of a larger segment of the protein.

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Accession: 041409620

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