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Structural genes encoding the thermophilic alpha-amylases of Bacillus stearothermophilus and Bacillus licheniformis


Structural genes encoding the thermophilic alpha-amylases of Bacillus stearothermophilus and Bacillus licheniformis



Journal of Bacteriology 166(2): 635-643



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9193

PMID: 3009417

DOI: 10.1128/jb.166.2.635-643.1986

The genes encoding the thermostable alpha-amylases of Bacillus stearothermophilus and B. licheniformis were cloned in Escherichia coli, and their DNA sequences were determined. The coding and deduced polypeptide sequences are 59 and 62% homologous to each other, respectively. The B. stearothermophilus protein differs most significantly from that of B. licheniformis in that it possesses a 32-residue COOH-terminal tail. Transformation of E. coli with vectors containing either gene resulted in the synthesis and secretion of active enzymes similar to those produced by the parental organisms. A plasmid was constructed in which the promoter and the NH2-terminal two-thirds of the B. stearothermophilus coding sequence was fused out of frame to the entire mature coding sequence of the B. licheniformis gene. Approximately 1 in 5,000 colonies transformed with this plasmid was found to secrete an active amylase. Hybridization analysis of plasmids isolated from these amylase-positive colonies indicated that the parental coding sequences had recombined by homologous recombination. DNA sequence analysis of selected hybrid genes revealed symmetrical, nonrandom distribution of loci at which the crossovers had resolved. Several purified hybrid alpha-amylases were characterized and found to differ with respect to thermostability and specific activity.

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Accession: 041447081

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