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Structure and protein environment of the retinal chromophore in light- and dark-adapted bacteriorhodopsin studied by solid-state NMR

Structure and protein environment of the retinal chromophore in light- and dark-adapted bacteriorhodopsin studied by solid-state NMR

Biochemistry 28(22): 8897-8904

ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960

PMID: 2605231

DOI: 10.1021/bi00448a032

Our previous solid-state 13C NMR studies on bR have been directed at characterizing the structure and protein environment of the retinal chromophore in bR568 and bR548, the two components of the dark-adapted protein. In this paper, we extend these studies by presenting solid-state NMR spectra of light-adapted bR (bR568) and examining in more detail the chemical shift anisotropy of the retinal resonances near the ionone ring and Schiff base. Magic angle spinning (MAS) 13C NMR spectra were obtained of bR568, regenerated with retinal specifically 13C labeled at positions 12-15, which allowed assignment of the resonances observed in the dark-adapted bR spectrum. Of particular interest are the assignments of the 13C-13 and 13C-15 resonances. The 13C-15 chemical resonance for bR568 (160.0 ppm) is upfield of the 13C-15 resonance for bR548 (163.3 ppm). This difference is attributed to a weaker interaction between the Schiff base and its associated counterion in bR568. The 13C-13 chemical shift for bR568 (164.8 ppm) is close to that of the all-trans-retinal protonated Schiff base (PSB) model compound (approximately 162 ppm), while the 13C-13 resonance for bR548 (168.7 ppm) is approximately 7 ppm downfield of that of the 13-cis PSB model compound. The difference in the 13C-13 chemical shift between bR568 and bR548 is opposite that expected from the corresponding 15N chemical shifts of the Schiff base nitrogen and may be due to conformational distortion of the chromophore in the C13 = C14-C15 bonds.

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Accession: 041449737

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